Diversity Equality Inclusion - February 23, 2021
by G. Theresa Thomas
The celebration of Black History Month began as “Negro History Week,” which was created in 1926 by Carter G. Woodson.
Black History Month was first proposed by black educators and the Black United Students at Kent State University in February 1969. The first celebration of Black History Month took place at Kent State one year later, from January 2, 1970 to February 28, 1970.
February was later chosen as the month to celebrate Black History Month because the Black abolitionist and writer Frederick Douglass was born in this month and so was Abraham Lincoln, who played an important role in shaping Black history.
Every aspect of American life has been touched in some form by the brilliance of an African American. From underground railroads to mountain top speeches, from sit-ins to marches for freedom, we have been and remain contributors to our nation’s success. We have crossed barriers that were set to deny our value and even our existence, but African Americans have been and always will be a people of resilience.
Two of the first African Americans to grace the stage of Carnegie Hall were pianist W.T. Talbert and soprano Sissieretta Jones. Hattie McDaniel was the first African American actor to win an Oscar. Jackie Robinson was the first African American to play in major league baseball. And who can forget Nat “Sweetwater” Clifton or Earl Lloyd—the first African Americans to play in the NBA.
Along with being stars of the stage, film and sports, African Americans are inventors. The short list below highlights some of the lesser-known inventors of widely used and well-known innovations. Test your knowledge by seeing if you can link the names on the left to their inventions on the right (try it without Google first!). You may be surprised by what you do not know and intrigued to learn more.
|1. Booker T. Washington||a. Three Position Traffic Signal|
|2. Lonnie G. Johnson||b. Hide-away bed|
|3. Marie Van Brittan Brown||c. Super Soaker Water Gun|
|4. Sarah E. Goode||d. First Home Security System|
|5. George Robert Carruthers||e. Hair Products/Straightening Comb|
|6. Lewis Latimer||f. Ultraviolet Camera|
|7. Garrett Morgan||g. Founder, Tuskegee Institute|
|8. Sarah Breedlove||h. First draft of an air conditioning unit|
Maybe you were able to make the connections with ease. If so, share your knowledge with someone so that they can also appreciate the richness of what African Americans contribute to our great country. If you found the test challenging, here are some easy things you can do to improve your awareness and understanding:
Answers: 1-g, 2-c, 3-d, 4-b, 5-f, 6-h, 7-a, 8-e
About the Diversity, Equality and Inclusion (DEI) Committee: We are a group of staff and residents who together serve a mission to educate, embrace and empower a workplace of diversity, equality and inclusion. Our vision is to seek open and honest communication and collaboration that will inform and celebrate the cultural, ethnic and sexual orientation of all members of our staff without bias.